Julia Spaniol

Julia Spaniol, PhD

Postdoctoral Fellow Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest

Research Focus

Dr. Julia Spaniol directs the MAD (Memory and Decision Processes) lab. The MAD lab investigates the impact of normal human aging on memory and related cognitive abilities. Recent work has focused on two aspects of cognitive aging: age differences in memory for context (e.g., where and when something happened), and age differences in memory‐based decision making. Recent projects have also begun to investigate the impact of emotion on cognition in younger and older adults. A unifying feature of the research program is the combination of theory‐driven laboratory experiments and formal quantitative modeling. In addition to behavioural methods, the lab uses brain imaging (functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI) to study the neural bases of age‐related cognitive change.

Publications

Title Source (Journal/Book/Conference) Authors/Presenters Published On Type
Aging, culture and memory for socially meaningful item-context associations: An East-West cross-cultural comparison study PLoS ONE Yang L, Li J, Spaniol J, Hasher L, Wilkinson DJ, Yu J, Niu Y 1365652800 Journal Article
Aging and the neural correlates of source memory: over-recruitment and functional reorganization. Neurobiology of Aging Spaniol J, Grady C 1356930000 Journal Article
Motivational incentives modulate age differences in visual perception Psychology and Aging Spaniol J, Voss A, Bowen H, Grady CL 1303704000 Journal Article
Event-related fMRI studies of episodic encoding and retrieval: Meta-analyses using activation likelihood estimation Neuropsychologia Spaniol J, Davidson PSR, Kim ASN, Han H, Moscovitch M, Grady CL 1246420800 Journal Article
Aging and emotional memory: Cognitive mechanisms underlying the positivity effect Spaniol J, Voss A, Grady CL 1226811600 Presentation
Age-related slowing of memory retrieval: Contributions of perceptual speed and cerebral white matter integrity Neurobiology of Aging Bucur B, Madden DJ, Spaniol J, Provenzale JM, Cabeza R, White LE, Huettel SA 1199163600 Journal Article
Age-related increase in top-down activation of visual features Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Madden DJ, Spaniol J, Bucur B, Whiting WL 1167627600 Journal Article
Adult age differences in the functional neuroanatomy of visual attention: A combined fMRI and DTI study Neurobiology of Aging Madden DJ, Spaniol J, Whiting WL, Bucur B, Provenzale JM, Cabeza REL, Huettel SA 1167627600 Journal Article
Memory Encyclopedia of Health and Aging Spaniol J, Madden DJ 1167627600 Book Chapter
A diffusion model analysis of adult age differences in episodic and semantic long-term memory retrieval Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Spaniol J, Madden DJ, Voss A 1136091600 Journal Article
Effects of age and emotional valence on recognition memory: A diffusion model analysis 47th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society Spaniol J 1136091600 Presentation
Diffusion modeling of memory processes in younger and older adults Freiburg Workshop on Diffusion Models Spaniol J 1136091600 Presentation
Adult age differences in the implicit and explicit components of top-down attentional guidance during visual search Psychology and Aging Madden DJ, Whiting WL, Spaniol J, Bucur B 1104555600 Journal Article
Aging and conditional-probability judgments: A global matching approach Psychology and Aging Spaniol J, Bayen UJ 1104555600 Journal Article
Episodic and semantic retrieval processes in younger and older adults Memory at Duke Spaniol J 1104555600 Presentation
Age-related differences in episodic and semantic retrieval: A diffusion model analysis 46th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society Spaniol J 1104555600 Presentation
Formal modeling in research on episodic memory and aging Psychology Science Spaniol J, Bayen UJ 1072933200 Journal Article
Aging and retrieval time course in episodic and semantic memory tasks 10th Cognitive Aging Conference Spaniol J 1072933200 Presentation
Minerva DM and age differences in judgments of frequency and conditional probability 44th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society Spaniol J 1041397200 Presentation
When is schematic knowledge used in source monitoring? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Spaniol J, Bayen UJ 1009861200 Journal Article
When is schematic knowledge used in source monitoring? 42nd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society Spaniol J 978325200 Presentation
Age-related differences in the use of contextual information in recognition memory: A global matching approach Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences Bayen UJ, Phelps M, Spaniol J 946702800 Journal Article

Education

  • 2003: PhD, Cognitive Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, NC, USA
  • 2001: MA, Cognitive Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, NC, USA
  • 1997: BA equivalent, Psychology, Universitat Trier Germany

Academic Appointments

  • 2003–2005: Research Associate, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
  • 2005–2006: Postdoctoral Fellow, Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest, Toronto, ON, Canada

Professional Affiliations

  • 2003–2006: Psychonomic Society
  • 2003–2006: American Psychological Association
  • 2003–2006: Cognitive Neuroscience Society

Reviewership

Editorial Board

  • 2002: Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers
  • 2004: Cognitive Brain Research
  • 2006: Experimental Psychology
  • 2006: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
  • 2005–2006: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
  • 2003: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
  • 2006: Memory & Cognition
  • 2005: Neuropsychologia
  • 2006: Neuropsychology
  • 2006: Perception and Psychophysics
  • 2004: Psychological Science
  • 2004: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
  • 2004–2005: Psychology and Aging

Distinctions and Awards

  • 2005: Award for Completed Postdoctoral Research , Retirement Research Foundation and APA Division 20
  • 2003: Baughman Doctoral Dissertation Research Award, University of North Carolina
  • 2002: Cognitive Science Program Grant, University of North Carolina
  • 2001: L. L. Thurstone Psychometric Travel Grant, University of North Carolina
  • 1999: Institute on Aging Exploratory Research Grant, University of North Carolina

Research Projects

Age-related differences in the brain networks underlying item and context retrieval
Supervisor: Cheryl L. Grady Collaborators: Andreas Voss, Universitat Freiburg
Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, ON

Emotional memory in younger and older adults
Supervisor: Cheryl L. Grady Collaborators: Andreas Voss, Universitat Freiburg
Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, ON

Memory retrieval and parietal cortex
Collaborators: Patrick Davidson, University of Alberta; Cheryl L. Grady, Rotman Research Institute; Alice Kim, Rotman Research Institute
Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, ON

Contact

Department of Psychology
Ryerson University
350 Victoria Street
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
M5B 2K3 Phone: (416) 979-5000 x2268 Email: jspaniol@psych.ryerson.ca Fax: (416) 979-5273