Tim Shallice was trained as a mathematician. Since then, he has worked from a research perspective on the organisation of the cognitive system. His main interests are in the different levels control of the system, its information-processing structure, and the particular computational mechanisms by which individual subsystems operate. From an empirical perspective he has carried out single-case and group studies on the cognitive impairments of neurological patients from a cognitive neuropsychological perspective, and also carried out functional imaging studies and behavioural and phenomenological ones on normal subjects. He has worked on problem-solving, episodic, short-term and semantic memory, reading, writing, naming and spatial processing and their disorders. He has collaborated extensively on computational models, both connectionist and symbolic, of a variety of processes.
His SISSA group, which includes as a postdoctoral fellow, Dr Francesca Borgo, and three PhD students, is currently working mainly on disorders of frontal lobe function and of semantic memory. They are principally using studies involving the cognitive disorders of neurological patients and electrophysiological techniques. The patient work is mainly carried out in the neurosurgical section of the Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Udine, with the kind collaboration of Dr Miran Skrap. Tim Shallice is currently collaborating on disorders of memory retrieval with a group from University College London, on the modelling of the control of action with researchers from London, on disorders of executive attention with a group from Toronto and Boston, and on the functional imaging of the control of action with a group from Julich, Germany.
From 1996 to 2004, Tim Shallice was Director of the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society.