Ellen Bialystok

Dr. Ellen Bialystok

Associate Scientist Rotman Research Institute (status only)

Professor York University

For the Cognitive Research Lab at York University click here.

Research Focus

Ellen Bialystok, Ph.D., FRSC, is Distinguished Research Professor of Psychology at York University and Associate Scientist at the Rotman Research Institute of the Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Toronto in 1976. Much of her research has focused on the effect of bilingualism on children’s language and cognitive development, showing accelerated mastery of specific cognitive processes for bilingual children. This research has recently been extended to investigations of adult processing and found that lifelong bilingualism protects older adults from cognitive decline with aging. Other research includes studies of literacy acquisition in young children, models of metalinguistic awareness and second-language acquisition, and the development of spatial cognition and its relation to other cognitive abilities. She is the author of 6 books and over 100 scientific papers in journals and books. Among her awards are a Killam Research Fellowship, Walter Gordon Research Fellowship, Dean’s Award for Outstanding Research, and Language Learning Distinguished Scholar in Residence. She has been invited to lecture in universities around the world, covering four continents and numerous countries.

Publications

Title Source (Journal/Book/Conference) Authors/Presenters Published On Type
Individual differences in executive functions and retrieval efficacy in older adults Psychology and Aging Craik FIM, Eftekhari E, Bialystok E, Anderson ND 1528603200 Journal Article
Different neural activities support auditory working memory in musicians and bilinguals Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences Alain C, Khatamian Y, He Y, Lee Y, Moreno S, Leung AWS, Bialystok E 1514782800 Journal Article
Effects of bilingualism on white matter integrity in older adults. NeuroImage Anderson JAE, Grundy JG, De Frutos J, Barker RM, Grady C, Bialystok E 1514782800 Journal Article
The effect of lifelong bilingualism on regional grey and white matter volume Brain research Olsen RK, Pangelinan MM, Bogulski C, Chakravarty MM, Luk G, Grady CL, Bialystok E 1420088400 Journal Article
Brain network activity in monolingual and bilingual older adults. Neuropsychologia Grady CL, Luk G, Craik FI, Bialystok E 1420088400 Journal Article
Oscillatory responses to semantic and syntactic violations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Kielar A, Meltzer JA, Moreno S, Bialystok E, Alain C 1401854400 Journal Article
Inhibitory Control in Bilinguals and Musicians: Event Related Potential (ERP) Evidence for Experience-Specific Effects PLOS one Moreno S, Wodniecka Z, Tays W, Alain C, Bialystok E 1397707200 Journal Article
Effects of Bilingualism on the Age of Onset and Progression of MCI and AD: Evidence From Executive Function Tests NEUROPSYCHOLOGY Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Binns MA, Ossher L 1394856000 Journal Article
Electrophysiological measures of attention during speech perception predict metalinguistic skills in children Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Astheimer L, Janus M, Moreno S, Bialystok E 1389243600 Journal Article
Bilingualism interacts with domain in a working memory task: Evidence from aging Psychology and Aging Luo L, Craik FIM, Moreno S, Bialystok E 1356930000 Journal Article
Linguistic and metalinguistic outcomes of intense immersion education: how bilingual? International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism Hermanto N, Moreno S, Bialystok E 1332388800 Journal Article
Effect of Music Training on Promoting Preliteracy Skills: Preliminary Causal Evidence Music Perception Moreno S, Friesen D, Bialystok E 1322197200 Journal Article
Short-Term Music Training Enhances Verbal Intelligence and Executive Function Psychological Science Moreno S, Bialystok E, Barac R, Schellenberg G, Cepeda N, Chau T 1322197200 Journal Article
Lifelong bilingualism maintains white matter integrity in older adults Journal of Neuroscience Luk G, Bialystok E, Craik FI, Grady CL 1293858000 Journal Article
Distinct neural correlates for two types of inhibition in bilinguals: Response inhibition versus interference suppression Brain and Cognition Luk G, Anderson JA, Craik FI, Grady C, Bialystok E 1291266000 Journal Article
Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve Neurology Craik FI, Bialystok E, Freedman M 1289278800 Journal Article
Receptive vocabulary differences in monolingual and bilingual children Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Bialystok E, Luk G, Peets KF, Yang S 1288670400 Journal Article
Conflict resolution in sentence processing by bilinguals Journal of Neurolinguistics Moreno S, Bialystok E, Wodniecka Z, Alain C 1288584000 Journal Article
Structure and process in lifespan cognitive development The Handbook of Life-Span Development: Biology, Cognition and Methods Across the Life-Span Bialystok E, Craik FIM 1284955200 Book Chapter
Does bilingualism help memory? Competing effects of verbal ability and executive control International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism Wodniecka Z, Craik FIM, Luo L, Bialystok E 1283486400 Journal Article
Les effets du bilinguisme sur le veillissement cognitif Le Viellissement Cognitif Normal Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1274328000 Book Chapter
Global-local and trail-making tasks by monolingual and bilingual children: Beyond inhibition Developmental Psychology Bialystok E 1263272400 Journal Article
Effect of Language Proficiency and Executive Control on Verbal Fluency Performance in Bilinguals Cognition Luo L, Luk G, Bialystok E 1262322000 Journal Article
Language proficiency and executive control in proactive interference: Evidence from monolingual and bilingual children and adults Brain and Language Bialystok E, Feng X 1258002000 Journal Article
Cognitive and linguistic processing in the bilingual mind Current Directions in Psychological Science Bialystok E, Craik FIM 1258002000 Journal Article
Effects of bilingualism on cognitive and linguistic performance across the lifespan Streitfall Zweisprachigkeit – The bilingualism controvery Bialystok E 1258002000 Book Chapter
Language proficiency and its implications for monolingual and bilingual children Challenges for language learners in language and literacy development Bialystok E, Feng X 1258002000 Book Chapter
Bilingualism and cognitive linkages: Learning to read in different languages Preparing to Educate English Language Learners Bialystok E, Peets K 1258002000 Book Chapter
How analysis and control lead to advantages and disadvantages in bilingual processing Implicit and Explicit conditions, Processes and Knowledge in SLA and Bilingualism Bialystok E 1258002000 Book Chapter
Components of executive control with advantages for bilingual children in two cultures Cognition Bialystok E, Viswanathan M 1257051600 Journal Article
Distinct neural correlates for cognitive control and motor inhibition in bilinguals Society of Neuroscience Luk G, Anderson J, Bialystok E, Craik F, Grady C 1254801600 Presentation
Bilingualism and aging: Costs and benefits Memory, Aging and the Brain: A Festschrift in Honour of Lars-Göran Nilsson Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1249272000 Book Chapter
Claiming evidence from non-evidence: a reply to Morton and Harper Developmental Science Bialystok E 1247803200 Journal Article
Bilingual minds Psychological Science in the Public Interest Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Green DW, Gollan TH 1241323200 Journal Article
Musical Expertise, Bilingualism, and Executive Functioning Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance Bialystok E, DePape AM 1238558400 Journal Article
Resolution of conflict by bilinguals and musicians: Evidence from ERPs COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING PROGRAM 2009 Moreno S, Bialystok E, Wodniecka Z, Alain C 1237867200 Abstract
Bilingualism: The good, the bad, and the indifferent Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Bialystok E 1230786000 Journal Article
The source of enhanced cognitive control in bilinguals: Evidence from bimodal bilinguals Psychological Science Emmorey K, Luk G, Pyers J, Bialystok E 1229662800 Journal Article
Lexical access in bilinguals: Effects of vocabulary size and executive control Journal of Neurolinguistics Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Luk G 1225512000 Journal Article
The Anatomy of the Bilingual Advantage in Executive Functions: Levels of Functional Use and Proficiency International Conference on Models of Interaction in Bilinguals Luk G, Bialystok E 1223265600 Presentation
Second language learners in the science classroom Teaching Science to English Language Learners Bialystok E 1222056000 Book Chapter
Consequences of bilingualism for cognitive development Handbook of Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Approaches Bialystok E 1222056000 Book Chapter
Lifespan cognitive development: The roles of representation and control Handbook of Aging and Cognition Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1221019200 Book Chapter
Cognitive control and lexical access in younger and older bilinguals Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Luk G 1215489600 Journal Article
Common and distinct cognitive bases for reading in English-Cantonese bilinguals Applied Psycholinguistics Luk G, Bialystok E 1207022400 Journal Article
Cognitive Effects of Bilingualism across the Lifespan BUCLD 32: Proceedings of the 32nd annual Boston University Conference on Language Development Bialystok E 1207022400 Book Chapter
Planning and task management in Parkinson's disease: Differential emphasis in dual-task performance Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Stefurak T 1205812800 Journal Article
The development of two types of inhibitory control in monolingual and bilingual children Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Martin-Rhee MM, Bialystok E 1204347600 Journal Article
The Source of Enhanced Cognitive Control in Bilinguals: Evidence from Bimodal-Bilinguals 48th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society Luk G, Pyers J, Emmorey K, Bialystok E 1194325200 Presentation
The universality of symbolic representation for reading in Asian and alphabetic languages Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Bialystok E, Luk G 1183262400 Journal Article
Acquisition of literacy in bilingual children: A framework for research Language Learning Bialystok E 1180670400 Journal Article
Effects of bilingualism, aging, and semantic relatedness on memory under divided attention Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology Fernandes MA, Craik FIM, Bialystok E, Kreuger S 1180670400 Journal Article
Language acquisition and bilingualism: Consequences for a multilingual society Applied Psycholinguistics Bialystok E 1179460800 Book Chapter
Examining the Bilingual (dis)advantage on the Verbal Fluency Task 6th International Symposium on Bilingualism Luk G, Bialystok E 1178424000 Presentation
Cognitive effects of bilingualism: How linguistic experience leads to cognitive change International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism Bialystok E 1177992000 Journal Article
Bilingualism and naming: Implications for cognitive assessment Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society Bialystok E, Craik FI 1172725200 Journal Article
Bilingualism as a protection against the onset of symptoms of dementia Neuropsychologia Bialystok E, Craik FI, Freedman M 1167627600 Journal Article
Dual-modality monitoring in a classification task: The effects of bilingualism and ageing Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Bialystok E, Craik FI, Ruocco AC 1162357200 Journal Article
Exploring the latent factors behind cross-linguistic transfer: cognitive abilities Biennial Meeting of the Cognitive Development Society Luk G, Bialystok E 1160107200 Presentation
Bilingualism at school: Effect on the acquisition of literacy Child Bilingualism: Research on Infancy Through School Age Bialystok E 1158897600 Book Chapter
Izmenenie kognitivnykh funktsij v techenie zhizni Psichologija Zhournal Vysshej Skoly Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1146456000 Journal Article
Degree of foreign accent in English sentences produced by Korean children and adults Journal of Phonetics Flege JE, Birdsong D, Bialystok E, Mack M, Sung H, Tsukada K 1143867600 Journal Article
Cognition through the lifespan: Mechanisms of change Trends in Cognitive Sciences Craik FI, Bialystok E 1141189200 Journal Article
Effect of bilingualism and computer video game experience on the Simon Task Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology Bialystok E 1141189200 Journal Article
Executive control in a modified antisaccade task: Effects of aging and bilingualism Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Ryan J 1136091600 Journal Article
Planning and task management in older adults: Cooking breakfast Memory & Cognition Craik FI, Bialystok E 1136091600 Journal Article
On structure and process in lifespan cognitive development Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change Bialystok E, Craik FIM 1136091600 Book Chapter
Effect of aging on the processing of global and local visual stimuli the 16th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science Fernandes M, Francis TJ, Ryan JD, Bialystok E 1136091600 Presentation
The impact of bilingualism on language and literacy development The Handbook of Bilingualism Bialystok E 1133413200 Book Chapter
Bilingualism, language proficiency, and learning to read in two writing systems Journal of Educational Psychology Bialystok E, McBride-Chang C, Luk G 1130821200 Journal Article
Ambiguous benefits: the effect of bilingualism on reversing ambiguous figures Developmental Science Bialystok E, Shapero D 1130821200 Journal Article
A developmental study of English vowel production and perception by native Korean adults and children Journal of Phonetics Tsukada K, Birdsong D, Bialystok E, Mack M, Sung H, Flege J 1120190400 Journal Article
Intelligence and executive control: Evidence from aging and bilingualism Cortex Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1113796800 Journal Article
Written symbols as representation: What do preliterate children know about print? Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development Luk G, Bialystok E 1112760000 Presentation
Divergent processes in phonological awareness and reading: Evidence from Cantonese-English bilinguals Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development Luk G, Bialystok E 1112760000 Presentation
How iconic are Chinese characters? Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Luk G, Bialystok E 1112331600 Journal Article
New approaches to using census data to test the critical-period hypothesis for second-language acquisition Psychological Science Wiley EW, Bialystok E, Hakuta K 1112331600 Journal Article
The effect of bilingualism on susceptibility to memory interference from divided attention BRAIN AND COGNITION Fernandes MA, Logan J, Bialystok E, Craik F 1112331600 Abstract
Bilingualism across the lifespan: the rise and fall of inhibitory control International Journal of Bilingualism Bialystok E, Martin MM, Viswanathan M 1111122000 Journal Article
Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon Task: Evidence from MEG NeuroImage Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Grady CL, Chau W, Ishii R, Gunji A, Pantev C 1104555600 Journal Article
Bilingualism, biliteracy, and learning to read: Interactions among languages and writing systems Scientific Studies of Reading Bialystok E, Luk G, Kwan E 1104555600 Journal Article
Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: Evidence from the Simon task Psychology and Aging Bialystok E, Craik FI, Klein R, Viswanathan M 1086062400 Journal Article
Attention and inhibition in bilingual children: evidence from the dimensional change card sort task Developmental Science Bialystok E, Martin MM 1086062400 Journal Article
Release bursts in English word-final voiceless stops: A cross-sectional and longitudinal study of Korean adults' and children's speech production Phonetica Tsukada K, Birdsong D, Mack M, Sung H, Bialystok E, Flege J 1084852800 Journal Article
Levels of phonological awareness in three cultures Journal of Experimental Child Psychology McBride-Chang C, Bialystok E, Chong KKY, Li Y 1084852800 Journal Article
Executive processes in appearance-reality tasks: The role of inhibition of attention and symbolic representation Child Development Bialystok E, Senman L 1078117200 Journal Article
Bilingualism, aging and cognitive control: Evidence from the Simon task 10th Cognitive Aging Conference Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Viswanathan M, Klein R 1072933200 Presentation
Bilingual advantages in attentional control COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE SOCIETY Ryan JD, Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Logan J 1072933200 Presentation
Notation to symbol: Development in children's understanding of print Journal of Experimental Child Psychology Bialystok E, Martin MM 1067662800 Journal Article
The perception and production of English /epsilon/ and /ae/ by Korean children and adults living in North America Proceedings of 15th International Congress of Phonetics Sciences Tsukada K, Birdsong D, Bialystok E, Mack M, Sung H, Flege J 1059883200 Book Chapter
Developing phonological awareness: Is there a bilingual advantage? Applied Psycholinguistics Bialystok E, Majumder S, Martin MM 1053230400 Journal Article
Executive function deficits in children with autism Journal of Developmental and Learning Disorders Bialystok E, Sherry SB, Shanker S, Codd J 1053230400 Journal Article
Bilingualism, Biliteracy and Reading: Effect of Writing System on Learning to Read Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development Luk G, Bialystok E 1049601600 Presentation
Critical evidence: a test of the critical-period hypothesis for second-language acquisition Psychological Science Hakuta K, Bialystok E, Wiley E 1041397200 Journal Article
On the reliability of robustness: A reply to DeKeyser Studies in Second Language Acquisition Bialystok E 1032321600 Journal Article
Release bursts in English word-final stops: A longitudinal study of Korean adults' and children's production Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Tsukada K, Mack M, Sung H, Birdsong D, Bialystok E 1020225600 Journal Article
Cognitive processes of L2 users Portraits of the L2 User. Second Language Acquisition. Bialystok E 1020225600 Book Chapter
Acquisition of literacy in bilingual children: A framework for research Language Learning Bialystok E 1014958800 Journal Article
The pronunciation of English sentences by Korean children and adults Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Flege JE, Birdsong D, Bialystok E, Mack M, Sung H 1006059600 Journal Article
Literacy: The extension of languages through other means New Perspectives and Issues in Educational Language Policy: A Festschrift for Bernard Dov Spolsky Bialystok E 1001217600 Book Chapter
Bilingualism in development: Language, literacy, and cognition Bilingualism in development: Language, literacy, and cognition Bialystok E 991713600 Book Chapter
Metalinguistic aspects of bilingual processing Annual Review of Applied Linguistics Bialystok E 978325200 Journal Article
Symbolic representation across domains in preschool children Journal of Experimental Child Psychology Bialystok E 962424000 Journal Article
Representing quantity beyond whole numbers: Some, none, and part Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology Bialystok E, Codd J 959832000 Journal Article
Letters, numbers, words, and signs: How bilinguals learn them International Journal of Psychology Bialystok E 958622400 Journal Article
Languages, scripts, and the environment: Factors in developing concepts of print Developmental Psychology Bialystok E, Shenfield T, Codd J 958622400 Journal Article
The acquisition of phonological awareness in Spanish-English bilingual children Spanish Applied Linguistics Majumder S, Martin M, Bialystok E 958622400 Journal Article
Developing Bilinguals: Language and cognitive effects in preschool children Trabajos en Lingüística Aplicada Bialystok E 957499200 Book Chapter
Confounded age: Linguistic and cognitive factors in age differences for second language acquisition Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis Bialystok E, Hakuta K 936158400 Book Chapter
The problem of age in second-language acquisition: Influences from language, structure, and task Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Bialystok E, Miller B 933480000 Journal Article
Cognitive complexity and attentional control in the bilingual mind Child Development Bialystok E 925531200 Journal Article
Does bilingualism matter for early literacy? Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Bialystok E, Herman J 922942800 Journal Article
Coming of age in applied linguistics Language Learning Bialystok E 912488400 Journal Article
Humpty Dumpty meets the neurolinguists Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology Bialystok E 912488400 Journal Article
Beyond binary options: effects of two languages on the bilingual mind Studia Anglica Posnaniensia: International review of English Studies Bialystok E 896673600 Journal Article
The relationship between bilingualism and the development of cognitive processes in problem-solving Applied Psycholinguistics Bialystok E, Majumder S 896673600 Journal Article
What's in a process? Explaining development in language acquisition Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Bialystok E 891406800 Journal Article
L'espace interne: Comment les représentations mentales affectent la rotation mentale Image Mentale et Développement: de la Théorie Piagétienne aux Neurosciences Cognitives Bialystok E, Jenkin H 884322000 Book Chapter
Anatomy of a revoltuion The Future of the Cognitive Revolution Bialystok E 875764800 Book Chapter
Cardinal limits: Evidence from language awareness and bilingualism for developing concepts of number Cognitive Development Bialystok E, Codd J 867729600 Journal Article
The structure of age: In search of barriers to second-language acquisition Second Language Research Bialystok E 865137600 Journal Article
Effects of bilingualism and biliteracy on children's emerging concepts of print Developmental Psychology Bialystok E 862459200 Journal Article
On psychological plausibility in the study of communication strategies Communication Strategies: Psycholinguistic and Sociolinguistic Perspectives Kellerman E, Bialystok E 852786000 Book Chapter
Reading comprehension in second and foreign language International Enclycopedia of Developmental and Instructional Psychology Bialystok E 844488000 Book Chapter
Developing representations of quantity Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science Bialystok E 833601600 Journal Article
Preparing to read: The foundations of literacy Advances in Child Development Bialystok E 833601600 Journal Article
Why we need grammar: Confessions of a cognitive generalist The Current State of Interlanguage: Studies in honor of William E. Rutherford Bialystok E 812520000 Book Chapter
Making concepts of print symbolic: understanding how writing represents language First Language Bialystok E 801979200 Journal Article
Towards an explanation of second language acquisition Language and Understanding Bialystok E 781329600 Book Chapter
Representation and ways of knowing: Three issues in second language acquisition Implicit and Explicit Factors in Second Language Learning: Interdisciplinary Perspectives Bialystok E 781329600 Book Chapter
Reading comprehension in second and foreign language International Encyclopedia of Education Bialystok E 781329600 Book Chapter
Review of "Reading Acquisition by P. B. Gough, L. C. Ehri, and R. Trieman (eds)" Applied Linguistics Bialystok E 770443200 Journal Article
Analysis and control in the development of second language proficiency Studies in Second Language Acquisition Bialystok E 770443200 Journal Article
Symbolic representation and attentional control in pragmatic competence Interlanguage Pragmatics Bialystok E 749793600 Book Chapter
Metalinguistic awareness: The development of children's representations of language Systems of Representation in Children: Development and Use Bialystok E 749793600 Book Chapter
Understanding text in a second language: a psychological approach to an SLA problem Second Language Research Jenkin H, Prior S, Rinaldo R, Wainwright-Sharp A, Bialystok E 738907200 Journal Article
Selective attention in cognitive processing: The bilingual edge Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals Bialystok E 718257600 Book Chapter
Attentional control in children's metalinguistic performance and measures of field independence Developmental Psychology Bialystok E 709963200 Journal Article
Symbolic representation of letters and numbers Cognitive Development Bialystok E 709963200 Journal Article
The emergence of symbolic thought: Introduction Cognitive Development Bialystok E 709963200 Journal Article
A theoretical model of second language learning The acquisition of foreign languages: Toward a model for analyzing the interlengua Bialystok E 708062400 Book Chapter
Selective attention in cognitive processing: The bilingual edge Advances in Psychology Bialystok E 707371200 Journal Article
Achieving proficiency in a second language: A processing description Foreign Language Pedagogy Research Bialystok E 686635200 Book Chapter
Metalinguistic dimensions of bilingual language proficiency Language Processing in Bilingual Children Bialystok E 686635200 Book Chapter
Language, cognition, and education of bilingual children Language Processing in Bilingual Children Bialystok E, Cummins J 686635200 Book Chapter
Letters, sounds, and symbols: Changes in children's understanding of written language Applied Psycholinguistics Bialystok E 675748800 Journal Article
The competence of processing: Classifying theories of second-language acquisition TESOL Quarterly Bialystok E 657435600 Journal Article
Un modello teorico dell'apprendimento di una seconda lingua Grammatica esplicita e Grammatica Implicita Bialystok E 644904000 Book Chapter
The dangers of dichotomy: A reply to Hulstijn Applied Linguistics Bialystok E 644212800 Journal Article
Review of "The Development of Language and Language Researchers: Essays in Honor of Roger Brown by Frank S. Kessel" Modern Language Journal Bialystok E 612676800 Journal Article
Children's control over attention to phonological and semantic properties of words Journal of Psycholinguistic Research Bialystok E, Niccols A 612676800 Journal Article
Children's mental rotations of abstract displays Journal of Experimental Child Psychology Bialystok E 612676800 Journal Article
Learning to read: Process and problems in acquisition AFinLA Yearbook 1988 Bialystok E 592027200 Book Chapter
Levels of bilingualism and levels of linguistic awareness Developmental Psychology Bialystok E 583732800 Journal Article
Aspects of linguistic awareness in reading comprehenstion Applied Psycholinguistics Bialystok E 581140800 Journal Article
Communication strategies in the classroom Communicat