Fergus I.M. Craik

Dr. Fergus I.M. Craik, PhD, FRSC, FRS

Senior Scientist Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest

University Professor Emeritus of Psychology University of Toronto

Research Focus

My research is into aspects of human memory and attention, including changes in these functions across the adult life span. In terms of theoretical approaches, I take the view that memory processes are activities of the mind and brain as opposed to structural 'things in the head'. By this view, the processes of acquiring information ('encoding') and using or re-experiencing that information later ('retrieving') are mental and neural activities, much as is the case with perceiving and thinking. In an early paper with Robert Lockhart we proposed a 'levels of processing' framework for memory research, stressing this active approach and making the case that 'deeper' semantic processes are the ones associated with best subsequent memory performance. I have conducted a number of experimental studies over the past 30 years to illustrate and confirm this point of view. We have shown for example that memory performance can vary as much as 400% (a fourfold increase) depending simply on the type of processing that is carried out at the time of initial acquisition. Results from other labs have also shown that a second major factor is the similarity between encoding operations and subsequent retrieval operations -- greater similarity means better performance.

More recently I have been involved in work exploring the brain correlates of these effects using the functional neuroimaging facilities at the Rotman Institute. Several studies have now shown that the benefits to memory found with deep semantic processing are associated with neural activity in the ventral areas of the left prefrontal cortex.

My research into memory changes with aging follows the same principles. Age-related memory problems are real, but the degree of impairment is quite variable depending on how memory is tested. The ability to recall events and facts with few aids and out of context is typically poor in older adults, whereas the ability to recognise verbal or pictorial material can be virtually at the level of a younger person. It thus seems that the ability to 'self-initiate' appropriate mental processes is difficult for older people (possibly because they involve frontal lobe functions) and that by the same token older adults profit greatly from the 'environmental support' provided by reinstating the context of original learning or by the test materials themselves, as with recognition tests. We are currently applying these ideas to the development of techniques to counteract memory failures in older people. One interesting problem relates to the nature of the benefits associated with physical activity and with long-lasting mental activities such as solving puzzles and lifelong bilingualism. These effects contribute to 'cognitive reserve' and one focus of current work is to document these effects systematically and to gain some insight into their neural correlates.

This research is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and by the Alzheimer Society of Canada.

Publications

Title Source (Journal/Book/Conference) Authors/Presenters Published On Type
Short-term retention of a single word relies on retrieval from long-term memory when both rehearsal and refreshing are disrupted. Memory and Cognition Rose NS, Buchsbaum BR, Craik FI 1388552400 Journal Article
Voice congruency facilitates word recognition PLoS ONE Campeanu S, Craik FI, Alain C 1363752000 Journal Article
Bilingualism interacts with domain in a working memory task: Evidence from aging Psychology and Aging Luo L, Craik FIM, Moreno S, Bialystok E 1356930000 Journal Article
Memory Encoding and Aging: A Neurocognitive Perspective Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews Craik FIM, Rose NS 1354338000 Journal Article
Associative recognition in mild cognitive impairment: Relationship to hippocampal volume and Apolipoprotein E Neuropsychologia Troyer,AK, Murphy KJ, Anderson ND, Craik FIM, Moscovitch M, Maione A, Gao F 1351051200 Journal Article
A processing approach to the working memory/long-term memory distinction: Evidence from the levels-of-processing span task Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Rose NS, Craik FIM 1350705600 Journal Article
Working Memory and Amnesia: The Role of Stimulus Novelty Neuropsychologia Rose NS, Olsen RK, Craik FIM, Rosenbaum RS 1329368400 Journal Article
Training cognition: Parallels with physical fitness? Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition Craik FIM, Rose NS 1325739600 Journal Article
Unifying clinical, experimental, and neuroimaging studies of the human frontal lobes Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging Levine B, Craik FIM 1325394000 Book Chapter
Neuroelectric Correlates of Voice Congruency in Recognition Campeanu S, Craik FIM, Alain C 1316923200 Presentation
Effects of aging on memory and attention: A frontal lobe problem? Mind and the frontal lobes: cognition, behavior, and brain imaging Craik FIM 1303963200 Book Chapter
Age-related differences in recognition memory: Effects of materials and context change. Psychology and Aging Craik FI, Schloerscheidt AM 1293858000 Journal Article
A double dissociation of implicit and explicit memory in younger and older adults. Psychological Science Gopie N, Craik FI, Hasher L 1293858000 Journal Article
Lifelong bilingualism maintains white matter integrity in older adults. Journal of Neuroscience Luk G, Bialystok E, Craik FI, Grady CL 1293858000 Journal Article
Distinct neural correlates for two types of inhibition in bilinguals: Response inhibition versus interference suppression. Brain and Cognition Luk G, Anderson JA, Craik FI, Grady C, Bialystok E 1291266000 Journal Article
Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve. Neurology Craik FI, Bialystok E, Freedman M 1289278800 Journal Article
Structure and process in lifespan cognitive development The Handbook of Life-Span Development: Biology, Cognition and Methods Across the Life-Span Bialystok E, Craik FIM 1284955200 Book Chapter
Does bilingualism help memory? Competing effects of verbal ability and executive control International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism Wodniecka Z, Craik FIM, Luo L, Bialystok E 1283486400 Journal Article
The effects of age and task demands on visual selective attention. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology McLaughlin PM, Szostak C, Binns MA, Craik FI, Tipper SP, Stuss DT 1283313600 Journal Article
Les effets du bilinguisme sur le veillissement cognitif Le Viellissement Cognitif Normal Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1274328000 Book Chapter
Levels of processing in human memory Psychology and the Real World: Essays Illustrating Fundamental Contributions to Society Craik FIM 1272600000 Book Chapter
Encoding the future: successful processing of intentions engages predictive brain networks Neuroimage Poppenk J, Moscovitch M, McIntosh AR, Ozcelik E, Craik FI 1262322000 Journal Article
Past experience modulates the neural mechanisms of episodic memory formation. Journal of Neuroscience Poppenk J, McIntosh AR, Craik FI, Moscovitch M 1262322000 Journal Article
Effects of aging and divided attention on memory for items and their contexts. Psychology and Aging Craik FI, Luo L, Sakuta Y 1262322000 Journal Article
Destination memory impairment in older people. Psychology and Aging Gopie N, Craik FI, Hasher L 1262322000 Journal Article
Cognitive and linguistic processing in the bilingual mind Current Directions in Psychological Science Bialystok E, Craik FIM 1258002000 Journal Article
Distinct neural correlates for cognitive control and motor inhibition in bilinguals Society of Neuroscience Luk G, Anderson J, Bialystok E, Craik F, Grady C 1254801600 Presentation
Bilingualism and aging: Costs and benefits Memory, Aging and the Brain: A Festschrift in Honour of Lars-Göran Nilsson Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1249272000 Book Chapter
Do older adults remember irrelevant information differently from younger adults? Experimental Psychology Society Joint With The Canadian Society For Brain, Behaviour And Cognitive Science (CSBBCS) York Meeting Gopie N, Hasher L, Craik FIM, MacLeod CM, Fernandes MA 1247025600 Abstract
Bilingual minds Psychological Science in the Public Interest Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Green DW, Gollan TH 1241323200 Journal Article
Age differences in recollection: Specificity effects at retrieval Journal of Memory and Language Luo L, Craik FIM 1241150400 Journal Article
Anatomical correlates of prospective memory in stroke survivors STROKE Ween JE, Kim HJ, Lou L, Craik FI 1238558400 Abstract
Effects of multiple source characteristics on word and speaker recognition: An ERP study COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING PROGRAM 2009 Campeanu S, Craik F, Alain C 1237867200 Abstract
Impairments in prospective and retrospective memory following stroke Neurocase Kim HJ, Craik FIM, Luo L, Ween JE 1230786000 Journal Article
Aging memory: Aging memories Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years Craik FIM 1228107600 Book Chapter
Lexical access in bilinguals: Effects of vocabulary size and executive control Journal of Neurolinguistics Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Luk G 1225512000 Journal Article
Levels of processing and Zinchenko’s approach to memory research Journal of Russian and East European Psychology Craik FIM, Lockhart RS 1225512000 Journal Article
Lifespan cognitive development: The roles of representation and control Handbook of Aging and Cognition Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1221019200 Book Chapter
Cognitive control and lexical access in younger and older bilinguals Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Luk G 1215489600 Journal Article
Memory changes in normal and pathological aging Canadian Journal of Psychiatry Craik FIM 1212292800 Journal Article
Aging and memory: A cognitive approach Canadian Journal of Psychiatry Luo L, Craik FIM 1212292800 Journal Article
Investigating the influence of continuous babble on auditory short-term memory performance Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Heinrich A, Schneider BA, Craik FIM 1209614400 Journal Article
Preface Handbook of Aging and Cognition Craik FIM, Salthouse TA 1208923200 Technical Paper
Planning and task management in Parkinson's disease: Differential emphasis in dual-task performance Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Stefurak T 1205812800 Journal Article
Item and associative memory in amnestic mild cognitive impairment: Performance on standardized memory tests Neuropsychology Troyer AK, Murphy KJ, Anderson ND, Hayman-Abello BA, Craik FIM, Moscovitch M 1199163600 Journal Article
Changing everyday memory behaviour in amnestic mild cognitive impairment: A randomised controlled trial Neuropsychological Rehabilitation Troyer AK, Murphy KJ, Anderson ND, Moscovitch M, Craik FIM 1199163600 Journal Article
The role of cognition in age-related hearing loss Journal of the American Academy of Audiology Craik FI 1183262400 Journal Article
Encoding: A cognitive perspective Science of Memory: Concepts Craik FIM 1181361600 Book Chapter
Effects of bilingualism, aging, and semantic relatedness on memory under divided attention Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology Fernandes MA, Craik FIM, Bialystok E, Kreuger S 1180670400 Journal Article
Age differences in recollection: Three patterns of enhanced encoding Psychology and Aging Luo L, Hendriks T, Craik FIM 1180670400 Journal Article
Memory for general and specific value information in younger and older adults: measuring the limits of strategic control. Memory & Cognition Castel AD, Farb NA, Craik FI 1180670400 Journal Article
Bilingualism and naming: Implications for cognitive assessment. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society Bialystok E, Craik FI 1172725200 Journal Article
Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: A randomized trial to evaluate a new protocol Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society Stuss DT, Robertson IH, Craik FIM, Levine B, Alexander MP, Black SE, Dawson D, Binns MA, Palmer H, Downey-Lamb M, Winocur G 1167627600 Journal Article
Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: Overview and future directions Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society Winocur G, Craik FIM, Levine B, Robertson IH, Binns MA, Alexander M, Black SE, Dawson D, Palmer H, McHugh T, Stuss DT 1167627600 Journal Article
Cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly: effects on memory Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society Craik FIM, Winocur G, Palmer H, Binns MA, Edwards M, Bridges K, Glazer P, Chavannes R, Stuss DT 1167627600 Journal Article
Bilingualism as a protection against the onset of symptoms of dementia Neuropsychologia Bialystok E, Craik FI, Freedman M 1167627600 Journal Article
Word-list-learning performance in younger and older adults: intra-individual performance variability and false memory Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition Murphy KJ, West R, Armilio ML, Craik FI, Stuss DT 1167627600 Journal Article
The effects of attention and emotion on memory for context The Foundations of Remembering: Essays in Honor of Henry L. Roediger, III Craik FIM, Turk-Browne NB 1167627600 Book Chapter
Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment and Associative Memory Deficits on Standardized Memory Tests 17th Annual Rotman Research Institute Conference: Advances in Memory Research Troyer AK, Murphy KJ, Anderson ND, Hayman-Abello BA, Craik FIM, Moscovitch M 1167627600 Presentation
Dual-modality monitoring in a classification task: The effects of bilingualism and ageing. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Bialystok E, Craik FI, Ruocco AC 1162357200 Journal Article
Brain fade and aging International Conference on Memory Craik FIM 1153022400 Presentation
Izmenenie kognitivnykh funktsij v techenie zhizni Psichologija Zhournal Vysshej Skoly Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1146456000 Journal Article
Combining errorless learning and the generation effect: A benefit to cued recall performance Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society Lubinsky TR, Anderson ND, Craik FI, Rich JB 1145851200 Abstract
The effects of attention switching on encoding and retrieval of words in younger and older adults Experimental Aging Research Hogan MJ, Kelly CA, Craik FIM 1143867600 Journal Article
Planning breakfast? Some tips and reservations Rotman Rounds Craik F 1142226000 Presentation
Name and face learning in older adults: effects of level of processing, self-generation, and intention to learn. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences Troyer AK, Häfliger A, Cadieux MJ, Craik FI 1141189200 Journal Article
Cognition through the lifespan: Mechanisms of change Trends in Cognitive Sciences Craik FI, Bialystok E 1141189200 Journal Article
The mnemonic mechanisms of errorless learning Neuropsychologia Anderson ND, Craik FIM 1136091600 Journal Article
Executive control in a modified antisaccade task: Effects of aging and bilingualism Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Ryan J 1136091600 Journal Article
Planning and task management in older adults: Cooking breakfast. Memory & Cognition Craik FI, Bialystok E 1136091600 Journal Article
Brain-behavior relations across the lifespan: a commentary Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews Craik FI 1136091600 Journal Article
Age-related changes in human memory: Practical consequences Memory and Society: Psychological Perspective Craik FIM 1136091600 Book Chapter
Distinctiveness and memory: Comments and a point of view Distinctiveness and Memory Craik FIM 1136091600 Book Chapter
On structure and process in lifespan cognitive development Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change Bialystok E, Craik FIM 1136091600 Book Chapter
Remembering items and their contexts: Effects of aging and divided attention Binding in Human Memory: A Neurocognitive Perspective Craik FIM 1136091600 Book Chapter
Memory and Aging: Aging and Memory University of Edinburgh, Department of Psychology Centenary Craik FIM 1136091600 Presentation
Similarities and differences between cognitive development and cognitive aging Russian Cognitive Science Society Craik FIM 1136091600 Presentation
The effects of aging and language experience on memory and executive control (invited address) British Neuropsychological Society Craik FIM 1136091600 Presentation
Combining errorless learning and the generation effect: A benefit to cued recall performance International Neuropsychological Society Lubinsky TR, Anderson ND, Craik FIM, Rich JB 1136091600 Presentation
Memory Intervention Improves Everyday Memory Behaviour in Mild Cognitive Impairment Alzheimer Society of Canada Murphy KJ, Troyer AT, Anderson NA, Moscovitch M, Craik FIM 1136091600 Presentation
Divided attention in younger and older adults: effects of strategy and relatedness on memory performance and secondary task costs Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, memory, and cognition Naveh-Benjamin M, Craik FI, Guez J, Kreuger S 1114920000 Journal Article
Intelligence and executive control: Evidence from aging and bilingualism Cortex Craik FIM, Bialystok E 1113796800 Journal Article
The effect of bilingualism on susceptibility to memory interference from divided attention BRAIN AND COGNITION Fernandes MA, Logan J, Bialystok E, Craik F 1112331600 Abstract
Task-related activity in prefrontal cortex and its relation to recognition memory performance in young and old adults. Neuropsychologia Grady CL, McIntosh AR, Craik FIM 1104555600 Journal Article
Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon Task: Evidence from MEG NeuroImage Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Grady CL, Chau W, Ishii R, Gunji A, Pantev C 1104555600 Journal Article
Memory for proper names in old age: a disproportionate impairment? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Rendell PG, Castel AD, Craik FI 1104555600 Journal Article
On reducing age-related declines in memory and executive control Measuring the mind Craik FIM 1104555600 Book Chapter
Age-related Changes in Memory Processes Future of Cognitive Aging Research Meeting Craik FIM 1104555600 Presentation
Distributed self in episodic memory: neural correlates of successful retrieval of self-encoded positive and negative personality traits. Neuroimage Fossati P, Hevenor SJ, Lepage M, Graham SJ, Grady C, Keightley ML, Craik F, Mayberg H 1091332800 Journal Article
Bilingualism, aging, and cognitive control: Evidence from the Simon task. Psychology and Aging Bialystok E, Craik FI, Klein R, Viswanathan M 1086062400 Journal Article
Self and memory: An fMRI study of the neural correlates of successful retrieval of positive and negative personality traits 59th Annual Meeting of the Society of Biological Psychiatry Fossati P, Hevenor SJ, Lepage M, Graham SJ, Grady C, Keightley M, Craik F, Mayberg HS 1082001600 Presentation
Executive function across the life span Acta Psychologica Zelazo PD, Craik FI, Booth L 1075611600 Journal Article
Aging and name retrieval: A disproportional impairment? 28th International Congress of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Craik FIM 1072933200 Presentation
Effects of divided attention on memory encoding and retrieval 28th International Congress of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Craik FIM, Naveh-Benjamin M, Guez J 1072933200 Presentation
Memory for numerical information in younger and older adults: The role of schematic support 10th Cognitive Aging Conference Castel A, Craik FIM 1072933200 Presentation
Age differences in the time course of short-term memory for surface structure and semantic information in sentence recognition 10th Cognitive Aging Conference Turk-Browne NB, Castel A, Craik FIM 1072933200 Presentation
Bilingualism, aging and cognitive control: Evidence from the Simon task 10th Cognitive Aging Conference Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Viswanathan M, Klein R 1072933200 Presentation
The effects of favorable encoding conditions on age differences in memory 10th Cognitive Aging Conference Luo L, Craik FIM, Stokes T 1072933200 Presentation
Memory-Downhill All the Way? Cognitive Science Symposium Craik FIM 1072933200 Presentation
Bilingual advantages in attentional control COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE SOCIETY Ryan JD, Bialystok E, Craik FIM, Logan J 1072933200 Presentation
The effects of aging and divided attention on memory for item and associative information. Psychology and Aging Castel AD, Craik FI 1070254800 Journal Article
The role of spatial working memory in inhibition of return: evidence from divided attention tasks. Perception & Psychophysics Castel AD, Pratt J, Craik FI 1059710400 Journal Article
In search of the emotional self. An fMRI study using positive and negative emotional words American Journal of Psychiatry Fossati P, Hevenor SJ, Graham S, Grady CL, Keightley M, Craik FIM, Mayberg H 1041397200 Journal Article
Age-related differences in the functional connectivity of the hippocampus during memory encoding Hippocampus Grady CL, McIntosh AR, Craik FIM 1041397200 Journal Article
Levels of processing: Past, present and future? British Psychological Society Craik FIM 1041397200 Presentation
Memory and Aging: The Inside Story Lake Ontario Visionary Establishment Craik FIM 1041397200 Presentation
Age-related differences in cued recall: Effects of support at encoding and retrieval Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition Naveh-Benjamin M, Craik FIM, Ben-Shaul L 1036126800 Journal Article
The effects of aging on selectivity and control in short-term recall Memory & Cognition Castel AD, Benjamin AS, Craik FI, Watkins MJ 1033444800 Journal Article
Levels of processing: past, present. and future? Memory Craik FIM 1030852800 Journal Article
Lapses of intention and performance variability reveal age-related increases in fluctuations of executive control Brain and Cognition West R, Murphy KJ, Armilio ML, Craik FIM, Stuss DT 1028174400 Journal Article
Effects of divided attention on episodic memory in chronic traumatic brain injury: A function of severity and strategy Neuropsychologia Mangels JA, Craik FIM, Levine B, Schwartz ML, Stuss DT 1009861200 Journal Article
Effects of time of day on age differences in working memory Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences West R, Murphy KJ, Armilio ML, Craik FIM, Stuss DT 1009861200 Journal Article
Memory in elderly people Handbook of Memory Disorders Kester JD, Benjamin AS, Castel AD, Craik FIM 1009861200 Book Chapter
Commentary Rethinking Implicit Memory Craik FIM 1009861200 Book Chapter
Aging, memory, and frontal lobe functioning Principles of Frontal Lobe Function Craik FIM, Grady CL 1009861200 Book Chapter
Human memory and aging Psychology at the Turn of the Millennium Craik FIM 1009861200 Book Chapter
Influences on the efficiency of prospective memory in younger and older adults Psychology and Aging West R, Craik FIM 1007182800 Journal Article
Pathological familiarity and false recognition: A case study BRAIN AND COGNITION Benjamin AS, Kester JD, Craik FIM, Black S 1001908800 Abstract
Parallel effects of aging and time pressure on memory for source: evidence from the spacing effect Memory & Cognition Benjamin AS, Craik FI 993960000 Journal Article
Self evaluation during processing of emotional words: an fMRI study NEUROIMAGE Fossati P, Hevenor S, Graham S, Grady C, Keightley M, Craik F, Mayberg H 992145600 Abstract
The role of right prefrontal cortex in recognition memory: Task effects, functional connectivity and correlations with behavior NEUROIMAGE Grady CL, McIntosh AR, Beig S, Craik FIM 992145600 Abstract
Attention and successful episodic encoding: An event-related potential study Cognitive Brain Research Mangels JA, Picton TW, Craik FIM 983422800 Journal Article
An examination of the effects of stimulus type, encoding task, and functional connectivity on the role of right prefrontal cortex in recognition memory Neuroimage Grady CL, McIntosh AR, Beig S, Craik FI 978325200 Journal Article
Modulation of the prospective and retrospective components of memory for intentions in younger and older adults Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition Cohen AL, West R, Craik FIM 978325200 Journal Article
Encoding specificity revisited: The role of semantics Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology Hannon B, Craik FIM 978325200 Journal Article
The effects of dividing attention on encoding and retrieval processes The Nature of Remembering: Essays in Honor of Robert G. Crowder Craik FIM 978325200 Book Chapter
Normal aging and frontal lobe functions: Implications for memory Brain and Cognition Abstracts of Presentations Craik FIM 978325200 Abstract
Effects of dividing attention on encoding and retrieval processes Conference on the Nature of Remembering - Essays in Honor of Robert G. Crowder Craik FIM 975646800 Presentation
Divided attention during encoding and retrieval: Differential control effects? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Craik FIM, Naveh-Benjamin M, Ishaik G, Anderson ND 973054800 Journal Article
The effect of divided attention on memory for items and their context Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology Troyer AK, Craik FIM 967780800 Journal Article
The effects of divided attention on encoding and retrieval processes: The resiliency of retrieval processes Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Naveh-Benjamin M, Craik FIM, Perretta JG, Tonev S 965102400 Journal Article
Comparing the effects of aging and background noise on short-term memory performance. Psychology and Aging Murphy DR, Craik FI, Li KZ, Schneider BA 959832000 Journal Article
Changes in memory processing with age Current Opinion in Neurobiology Grady CL, Craik FIM 954565200 Journal Article
Memory in the aging brain The Oxford Handbook of Memory Anderson ND, Craik FIM 954478800 Book Chapter
Encoding and retrieval of information The Oxford Handbook of Memory Brown SC, Craik FIM 954478800 Book Chapter
Age-related changes in memory: Role of the frontal lobes 10th Annual Rotman Research Institute Conference, The Frontal Lobes: In the Forefront of the Millenium Craik FIM 953528400 Presentation
Cognitive rehabilitation in clinical neuropsychology Brain and Cognition Winocur GW, Palmer H, Stuss DT, Alexander MP, Craik FIM, Levine B, Moscovitch M, Robertson IH 946702800 Journal Article
The effects of divided attention on encoding- and retrieval-related brain activity: A PET study of younger and older adults Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Anderson ND, Iidaka T, Cabeza R, Kapur S, McIntosh AR, Craik FIM, Anderson N D, Craik FI 946702800 Journal Article
Virtual Week and Actual Week: Age-related differences in prospective memory Applied Cognitive Psychology Rendell PG, Craik FIM 946702800 Journal Article
Asymmetry between encoding and retrieval processes: Evidence from divided attention and a calibration analysis Memory & Cognition Naveh-Benjamin M, Craik FIM, Gavrilescu D, Anderson ND 946702800 Journal Article
The effect of divided attention on encoding and retrieval in episodic memory revealed by positron emission tomography Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Iidaka T, Anderson ND, Kapur S, Cabeza R, Craik FIM, Anderson N 946702800 Journal Article
Age differences in performance on two versions of the Brown-Peterson task Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition Floden D, Stuss DT, Craik FIM 946702800 Journal Article
Closing comments Handbook of Aging and Cognition Salthouse TA, Craik FIM 946702800 Book Chapter
Aging memories - A career in cognitive psychology The History of Geropsychology in Autobiography Craik FIM 946702800 Book Chapter
Discussant in symposium on hierarchical views of cognition 27th International Congress of Psychology Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
Three ways of mimicking aging Colloquium presented to department of Psychology, Washington University Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
Aging and memory Brain and Aging Research Group, University of Edinburgh Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
Prospective memory and aging The International conference on Prospective Memory Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
Discussant in Symposium on aging Joint BBCS/EPS meeting Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
Prospective memory and aging 27th International Congress of Psychology Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
Human memory and aging 27th International Congress of Psychology Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
Human memory and aging 27th International Congress of Psychology Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
Aging and memory Colloquium presented to Department of Psychology, UNC Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
The effects of divided attention on retrieval processes in younger and older adults Annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society Naveh-Benjamin M , Craik FIM 946702800 Presentation
Memory In Normal and Abnormal Aging Noon Hour Seminar Series Craik FIM, Moscovitch M 946702800 Presentation
Chronic deficits in item and context memory following traumatic brain injury: A function of attention and injury severity BRAIN AND COGNITION Mangels J, Craik F, Levine B, Schwartz H, Stuss D 946702800 Abstract
The effects of age on the neural correlates of episodic encoding Cerebral Cortex Grady CL, McIntosh AR, Rajah MN, Beig S, Craik FIM 944024400 Journal Article
Age-Related Changes in Memory Function Under Interference Conditions ABSTRACTS OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY Floden D, Stuss DT, Craik FIM 942901200 Abstract
Effects of Repetition on False Recognition: Dissociative Consequences of Aging and Time Pressure ABSTRACTS OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY Benjamin AS, Craik FIM 942901200 Abstract
Age-related differences in brain activation as revealed by positron emission tomography (pet). Divided attention study of episodic memory in young and old adults JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE Iidaka T, Anderson ND, Cabeza R, Craik FIM, Sadato N, Yonekura Y 923803200 Abstract
Aging and memory: What changes, and what can we do about it? BRAIN AND COGNITION Craik FIM 921560400 Abstract
Age-related differences in brain activation during encoding and retrieval under divided attention: A positron emission tomography (PET) study BRAIN AND COGNITION Iidaka T, Anderson N, Kapur S, Cabeza R, Okamoto C, Craik FIM 917845200 Abstract
Effects of aging, cover task demands, immediacy of response, and cue characteristics on event-based prospective memory BRAIN AND COGNITION West R, Craik FIM 917845200 Abstract
In search of the self: a positron emission tomography study Psychological Science Craik FIM, Moroz TM, Moscovitch M, Stuss DT, Winocur G, Tulving E, Kapur S 915166800 Journal Article
Source memory and divided attention: reciprocal costs to primary and secondary tasks Neuropsychology Troyer AK, Winocur G, Craik FIM, Moscovitch M 915166800 Journal Article
Aging and judgments of duration: Effects of task complexity and method of estimation Perception & Psychophysics Craik FIM, Hay JF 915166800 Journal Article
Dissociation of attentional processes in patients with focal frontal and posterior lesions Neuropsychologia Stuss DT, Toth JP, Franchi D, Alexander MP, Tipper S, Craik FIM 915166800 Journal Article
Age-related decline in prospective memory: The roles of cue accessibility and cue sensitivity Psychology and Aging West R, Craik FIM 915166800 Journal Article
Effects of aging, cover task demands, immediacy of response and cue characteristics on event-based propsective memory Brain and Cognition West R, Craik FIM 915166800 Journal Article
Divided attention and memory: Impairment of processing or consolidation? Memory, Consciousness, and The Brain: The Tallinn Conference Craik FIM, Kester JD 915166800 Book Chapter
Age-related changes in human memory Cognitive Aging - A Primer Craik FIM 915166800 Book Chapter
Preface: Levels of encoding and retrieval Stratification in Cognition and Consciousness Craik FIM 915166800 Book Chapter
Memory, aging and survey measurement Cognition, Aging and Self Reports Craik FIM 915166800 Book Chapter
Applying cognitive research to problems of aging Attention and Performance XVII Craik FIM, Anderson ND 915166800 Book Chapter
Source memory and divided attention International Neuropsychological Society Moscovitch M, Troyer AK, Winocur G, Craik FIM 915166800 Presentation
Differential effects of divided attention on encoding and retrieval in episodic memory revealed by positron emission tomography NeuroImage Iidaka T, Anderson N, Kapur S, Okamoto C, Cabeza R, Craik FIM 893390400 Abstract
The effects of age on the relationship between memory performance and brain activation during encoding and retrieval. JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE Anderson ND, Iidaka T, Craik F 891748800 Abstract
Variability in sustaining attention in young and elderly subjects JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE Armilio ML, Stuss DT, Murphy KJ, West R, Craik FIM 891666000 Abstract
Neural correlates of the episodic encoding of pictures and words Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Grady CL, McIntosh AR, Rajah MN, Craik FIM 888901200 Journal Article
Repetition-induced belief in the elderly: Rehabilitating age-related memory deficits Journal of Consumer Research Law S, Hawkins SA, Craik FIM 883630800 Journal Article
Presenting and analyzing results in aging research: A methodological note Experimental Aging Research Naveh-Benjamin M, Craik FIM 883630800 Journal Article
The attentional demands of encoding and retrieval in younger and older adults: 1. Evidence from divided attention costs Psychology and Aging Anderson ND, Craik FIM, Naveh-Benjamin M 883630800 Journal Article
Encoding and retrieval processes: Similarities and differences Theories of Memory II Craik FIM, Naveh-Benjamin M, Anderson ND 883630800 Book Chapter
Effects of divided attention on encoding and retrieval processes in human memory: further support for an asymmetry Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Naveh-Benjamin M, Craik FI, Guez J, Dori H 883630800 Journal Article
Functional neuroanatomy of recall and recognition: A PET study of episodic memory Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Cabeza R, Kapur S, Craik FIM, McIntosh AR, Houle S, Tulving E 857192400 Journal Article
Age-related differences in neural activity during memory encoding and retrieval: a positron emission tomography study Journal of Neuroscience Cabeza R, Grady CL, Nyberg L, McIntosh AR, Tulving E, Kapur S, Jennings JM, Houle S, Craik FIM, Jennings J 852094800 Journal Article
Neural correlates of episodic memory: The effects of divided attention BRAIN AND COGNITION Mangels JA, Picton TW, Craik FIM 852094800 Abstract
Are implicit memory deficits in the elderly due to differences in explicit memory processes? Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition Habib R, Jelicic M, Craik FIM 849416400 Journal Article
The neural correlates of intentional learning of verbal materials: A PET study in humans Cognitive Brain Research Kapur S, Tulving E, Cabeza R, McIntosh AR, Houle S, Craik FIM 846824400 Journal Article
Relations among memory performance, mental workload and cardiovascular responses International Journal of Psychophysiology Vincent A, Craik FIM, Furedy JJ 844142400 Journal Article
Comparison of older people and patients with frontal lesions: Evidence from word list learning Psychology and Aging Stuss DT, Craik FIM, Sayer L, Franchi D, Alexander MP 841550400 Journal Article
Electrophysiological (ERP) correlates of encoding and retrieval in episodic memory PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY Mangels JA, Picton TW, Craik FIM 838872000 Abstract
Event-related potentials during recognition memory for pictures Psychophysiology Armilio ML, Picton TW, Craik FIM 838872000 Abstract
The effects of divided attention on encoding and retrieval processes in human memory Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Craik FIM, Govoni R, Naveh-Benjamin M, Anderson ND 833601600 Journal Article
Levels of processing effects on a variety of memory tasks: New findings and theoretical implications Consciousness and Cognition Challis BH, Velichkovsky BM, Craik FIM 825656400 Journal Article
Effects of ageing on different explicit and implicit memory tasks European Journal of Cognitive Psychology Jelicic M, Craik FIM, Moscovitch M 820472400 Journal Article
Effects of perceptual and conceptual processing on memory for words and voice: Different patterns for young and old Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Naveh-Benjamin M, Craik FIM 820472400 Journal Article
Novelty and familiarity activations in PET studies of memory encoding and retrieval Cerebral Cortex Tulving E, Markowitsch HJ, Craik FIM, Habib R, Houle S 820472400 Journal Article
Aging and memory - Implications for skilled performance Aging and Skilled Performance Craik FIM, Jacoby LL 820472400 Book Chapter
Commentary: Prospective memory, aging and lapses of intention Prospective Memory - Theory and Applications Craik FIM, Kerr S 820472400 Book Chapter
Functional role of the prefrontal cortex in retrieval of memories: a PET study NeuroReport Kapur S, Craik FIM, Jones C, Brown GM, Houle S, Tulving E 812606400 Journal Article
Memory for context and its use in item memory: Comparisons of younger and older persons. Psychology and Aging Naveh-Benjamin M, Craik FI 801979200 Journal Article
Memory and aging - effects of different semantic processing tasks BRAIN AND COGNITION Eskes GA, Craik FIM 801979200 Abstract
Donald Broadbent: Obituary Notice American Psychologist Craik FIM, Baddeley AD 796881600 Journal Article
Earwitness identification: Some influences on voice recognition Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied Read D, Craik FIM 794034000 Journal Article
Memory changes in normal ageing Handbook of Memory Disorders Craik FIM, Anderson ND, Kerr SA, Li KZH 788936400 Book Chapter
The effects of subject-performed tasks on the memory performance of verbal autistic children Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders Summers J, Craik FIM 786258000 Journal Article
Neuroanatomical correlates of retrieval in episodic memory - Auditory sentence recognition Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Tulving E, Kapur S, Markowitsch HJ, Craik FIM, Habib R, Houle S 763707600 Journal Article
Hemispheric encoding/retrieval asymmetry in episodic memory: positron emission tomography findings Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Tulving E, Kapur S, Craik FIM, Moscovitch M, Houle S 763707600 Journal Article
Neuroanatomical correlates of encoding in episodic memory - Levels of processing effect Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Kapur S, Craik FIM, Tulving E, Wilson AA, Houle S, Brown GM 763707600 Journal Article
Contributions of surface and conceptual information to performance on implicit and explicit memory tasks Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Craik FIM, Moscovitch M, McDowd JM 757400400 Journal Article
Memory changes in normal aging Current Directions in Psychological Science Craik FIM 757400400 Journal Article
Sensitivity of heart rate and T-wave amplitude to effort and processing level in a memory task Journal of Psychophysiology Vincent A, Craik FIM, Furedy JJ 725864400 Journal Article
Context sensitivity and adult age differences in encoding variability European Journal of Cognitive Psychology Mantyla T, Craik FIM 725864400 Journal Article
Differences between young and old adults in learning a foreign language Journal of Memory and Language Service E, Craik FIM 725864400 Journal Article
Aging and cognitive function: Cross culture studies Cognitive Psychology Applied Gilinsky AS, Ehrlich MF, Craik FIM 725864400 Book Chapter
Age-related differences in memory as a function of imagery processing Psychology and Aging Dirkx E, Craik FIM 715320000 Journal Article
Preface Handbook of Aging and Condition Craik FIM, Salthouse T 702792000 Technical Paper
Age-related differences in three tests of visual imagery Psychology and Aging Craik FIM, Dirkx E 694242000 Journal Article
Age-related changes in memory and learning Gerontechnology Craik FIM, Bosman EA 694242000 Book Chapter
Human memory Handbook of Aging and Cognition Craik FIM, Jennings JJ 694242000 Book Chapter
Memory changes in aging Neurodevelopment, Aging, and Cognition Craik FIM 694242000 Book Chapter
Aging and memory in humans Encyclopedia of Learning and Memory Craik FIM 694242000 Book Chapter
Availability and category-frequency estimation Memory & Cognition Bruce D, Hockley WE, Craik FI 673070400 Journal Article
Preface: Memories, thoughts and emotions Memories, Thoughts, and Emotions: Essays in Honor of George Mandler Craik FIM, Ortony A 672811200 Technical Paper
Will cognitivism bury experimental psychology? Canadian Psychology Craik FIM 662706000 Journal Article
On the specificity of procedural memory Memories, Thoughts, and Emotions Craik FIM 662706000 Book Chapter
Peace pipes round the TODAM pole: A puff for short-term memory Relating Theory and Data Craik FIM 662706000 Book Chapter
Memory functions in normal aging Memory disorders: Research and clinical practice Craik FIM 662706000 Book Chapter
Levels of processing The Blackwell Dictionary of Cognitive Psychology Craik FIM 640670400 Technical Paper
Chunking The Blackwell Dictionary of Cognitive Psychology Craik FIM 640670400 Technical Paper
Age differences in components of metamemory Experimental Aging Research Loewen ER, Shaw RJ, Craik FIM 638942400 Journal Article
Aging and memory The Blackwell Dictionary of Cognitive Psychology Craik FIM 638942400 Technical Paper
Levels of processing: A retrospective commentary on a framework for memory research Canadian Journal of Psychology Lockhart RS, Craik FIM 636267600 Journal Article
Relations between source amnesia and frontal lobe functioning in older adults Psychology and Aging Craik FIM, Morris LW, Morris RG, Loewen ER 636267600 Journal Article
Age differences in working memory tasks: The role of secondary memory and the central executive system Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Morris RG, Craik FIM, Gick M 633848400 Journal Article
Lost without a trace? Review of `Cognitive Neurochemistry' and `The invention of memory' Contemporary Psychology Craik FIM 631170000 Journal Article
Additive and interactive effects in memory for subject-performed tasks European Journal of Cognitive Psychology Nilsson LG, Craik FIM 631170000 Journal Article
Adult age differences in working memory Neuropsychological impairments of short-term memory Craik FIM, Morris RG, Gick ML 631170000 Book Chapter
Changes in memory with normal aging: A functional view Advances in Neurology: Alzheimer's Disease Craik FIM 631170000 Book Chapter
Age differences in predictions and performance on a cued recall task Psychology and Aging Shaw RJ, Craik FIM 612676800 Journal Article
Changes in memory with normal aging: A functional view ADVANCES IN NEUROLOGY Craik FIM 601275600 Abstract
Reading a week later: Perceptual and conceptual factors Journal of Memory and Language Tardif T, Craik FIM 599634000 Journal Article
On the making of episodes Varieties of memory and consciousness - Essays in honour of Endel Tulving Craik FIM 599634000 Book Chapter
Processing resources and age differences in working memory Memory & Cognition Morris RG, Gick ML, Craik FIM 583732800 Journal Article
Task complexity and age differences in working memory Memory & Cognition Gick ML, Craik FIM, Morris RG 583732800 Journal Article
Effects of aging and task difficulty on divided attention performance Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance McDowd JM, Craik FIM 578462400 Journal Article
Age differences in memory for item and source information Canadian Journal of Psychology McIntyre JS, Craik FIM 549518400 Journal Article
Patterns of memory loss in three elderly samples Psychology and Aging Craik FIM, Byrd M, Swanson JM 536475600 Journal Article
Age differences in recall and recognition Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Craik FIM, McDowd JM 536475600 Journal Article
Specific enhancement effects associated with word generation Journal of Memory and Language Rabinowitz JC, Craik FIM 504939600 Journal Article
CHARM is not enough: Comments on Eich's model of cued recall Psychological Review Craik FIM, Lockhart RS 504939600 Journal Article
Prior retrieval effects in young and old adults Journal of Gerontology Rabinowitz JC, Craik FIM 504939600 Journal Article
A functional account of age differences in memory Human Memory and Cognitive Capabilities: Mechanisms and Performances Craik FIM 504939600 Book Chapter
The effects of presentation rate and encoding task on age-related memory deficits Journal of Gerontology Craik FIM, Rabinowitz JC 473403600 Journal Article
Paradigms in human memory research Perspectives on Learning and Memory Craik FIM 473403600 Book Chapter
Age differences in remembering The Neuropsychology of Memory Craik FIM 441781200 Book Chapter
Age differences in the acquisition and use of verbal information: A tutorial review Attention and Performance X Craik FIM, Rabinowitz JC 441781200 Book Chapter
On the transfer of information from temporary to permanent memory Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences Craik FIM 410245200 Journal Article
A processing resource account of age differences in recall Canadian Journal of Psychology Rabinowitz JC, Craik FIM, Ackerman BP 378709200 Journal Article
Aging and metamemory: The roles of relatedness and imagery Journal of Gerontology Rabinowitz JC, Ackerman BP, Craik FIM, Hinchley JL 378709200 Journal Article
Selective changes in encoding as a function of reduced processing capacity Cognitive Research in Psychology Craik FIM 378709200 Book Chapter
Aging and cognitive deficits: The role of attentional resources Aging and Cognitive Processes Craik FIM, Byrd M 378709200 Book Chapter
Encoding and retrieval effects in human memory - A partial review Attention and Performance IX Craik FIM 347173200 Book Chapter
Age differences in memory: The roles of attention and depth of processing New directions in memory and aging Craik FIM, Simon E 315550800 Book Chapter
The effects of elaboration on recognition memory. Memory & Cognition Fisher RP, Craik FIM 315550800 Journal Article
Preface: Levels of processing in human memory Levels of Processing in Human Memory Cermak LS, Craik FIM 293778000 Technical Paper
Effects of decision difficulty on recognition and recall Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Jacoby LL, Craik FIM, Begg I 284014800 Journal Article
Human memory Annual Review of Psychology Craik FIM 284014800 Journal Article
Levels of processing: Overview and closing comments Levels of Processing and Human Memory Craik FIM 284014800 Book Chapter
Effects of elaboration of processing at encoding and retrieval: Trace distinctiveness and recovery of initial context Levels of Processing in Human Memory Jacoby LL, Craik FIM 284014800 Book Chapter
Elaboration and distinctiveness in episodic memory Perspectives in Memory Research Craik FIM, Jacoby LL 284014800 Book Chapter
Intentional learning and retention of words following various orienting tasks Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society Chow CP, Currie JL, Craik FIM 252478800 Journal Article
Levels of processing: A reply to Eysenck British Journal of Psychology Lockhart RS, Craik FIM 252478800 Journal Article
Age differences in memory and learning International Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurology Craik FIM 231220800 Technical Paper
The interaction between encoding and retrieval operations in cued recall Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory Fisher RP, Craik FIM 220942800 Journal Article
Depth of processing in recall and recognition Attention and Performance VI Craik FIM 220942800 Book Chapter
Memory: Stage models and alternatives The International Encyclopedia of Neurology, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, and Psychology Craik FIM 220942800 Book Chapter
Similarities between the effects of aging and alcoholic intoxication on memory performance, construed within a 'Levels of Processing' framework Alcohol and Memory Craik FIM 220942800 Book Chapter
Age differences in human memory Handbook of the Psychology of Aging Craik FIM 220942800 Book Chapter
Depth of processing, retrieval cues, and uniqueness of encoding as factors in recall Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Moscovitch M, Craik FIM 189320400 Journal Article
La profondeur de traitement comme predicteur des performances de la memoire Bulletin de Psychologie: Special Annuel Craik FIM 189320400 Journal Article
The concept of primary memory Handbook of Learning and Cognitive Processes Craik FIM, Levy BA 189320400 Book Chapter
Depth of processing, recognition and recall - Some aspects of a general memory system Recall and Recognition Lockhart RS, Craik FIM, Jacoby LL 189320400 Book Chapter
Depth of processing and the retention of words in episodic memory Journal Of Experimental Psychology: General Craik FIM, Tulving E 172036800 Journal Article
The coordination of codes in short-term retention Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Levy BA, Craik FIM 157784400 Journal Article
The nature of mind Contemporary Psychology Craik FIM 157784400 Journal Article
A process view of short-term retention Cognitive Theory Craik FIM, Jacoby LL 157784400 Book Chapter
Psychophysiology and human memory Research in Psychophysiology Craik FIM, Blankstein KR 157784400 Book Chapter
The effect of speaker's voice on word recognition Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Craik FIM, Kirsner K 126248400 Journal Article
The effect of a concurrent task on recall from primary memory Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Anderson CMB, Craik FIM 126248400 Journal Article
The fate of primary memory items in free recall Readings in Human Memory Craik FIM 126248400 Book Chapter
Levels of processing: A framework for memory research Concepts in Psychology: Introductory Readings Craik FIM, Lockhart RS 126248400 Book Chapter
Retrieval difficulty and subsequent recall Memory & Cognition Gardiner JM, Craik FIM, Bleasdale FA 107755200 Journal Article
Effect of non-verbal distraction 0n short-term storage Journal of Experimental Psychology Watkins MJ, Watkins OC, Craik FIM, Mazuryk G 94712400 Journal Article
The role of rehearsal in short-term memory Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Craik FIM, Watkins MJ 94712400 Journal Article
A 'levels of analysis' view of memory Communication and Affect: Language and Thought Craik FIM 94712400 Book Chapter
When memory fades New Scientist Craik FIM 63090000 Journal Article
Retrieval cues and release from proactive inhibition Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Gardiner JM, Craik FIM, Birtwhistle J 63090000 Journal Article
Levels of processing: A framework for memory research Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Craik FIM, Lockhart RS 63090000 Journal Article
Primary memory British Medical Bulletin Craik FIM 31554000 Journal Article
Proactive inhibition in free recall Journal of Experimental Psychology Craik FIM, Birtwhistle J 31554000 Journal Article
Age differences in recognition memory Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Craik FIM 31554000 Journal Article
Naming and decision processes in short-term recognition memory Journal of Experimental Psychology Kirsner K, Craik FIM 31554000 Journal Article
Learning in the aging The Encyclopedia of Education Craik FIM 31554000 Book Chapter
Semantic and acoustic information in primary memory Journal of Experimental Psychology Craik FIM, Levy BA 18000 Journal Article
Further evidence for a negative recency effect in free recall Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Craik FIM, Gardiner JM, Watkins MJ 18000 Journal Article
The fate of primary memory items in free recall Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Craik FIM 18000 Journal Article
. I do know how you feel: Emotion perception and comprehension in healthy aging The Inaugural Conference of the Rotman Research Institute and the Kunin-Lunenfeld Applied Research Unit Gillingham S, Binns MA, Craik FIM, Chow TW, Nguyen C, Alter L, Stuss DT -28800 Presentation
Applications of signal detection theory to studies of aging Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology Craik FIM -31518000 Journal Article
Age and intelligence differences in coding and retrieval of word lists British Journal of Psychology Craik FIM, Masani PA -31518000 Journal Article
Modality effects in short-term storage Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Craik FIM -31518000 Journal Article
Age differences in short-term memory Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology Craik FIM -63140400 Journal Article
Types of error in free recall Psychonomic Science Craik FIM -63140400 Journal Article
Two components in free recall Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior Craik FIM -63140400 Journal Article
Short-term memory and the aging process Human Behavior and Aging: Recent Advances in Research and Theory Craik FIM -63140400 Book Chapter
Age differences in the temporal integration of language British Journal of Psychology Craik FIM, Masani PA -94676400 Journal Article
The effects of aging on the detection of faint auditory signals INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF GERONTOLOGY Craik FIM -111009600 Abstract
The nature of the age decrement in performance on dichotic listening tasks. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Craik FI -157748400 Journal Article
An observed age difference in responses to a personality inventory British Journal of Psychology Craik FIM -189370800 Journal Article
Age differences in cumulative learning of meaningful and meaningless material Scandinavian Journal of Psychology Heron A, Craik FIM -189370800 Journal Article

Education

  • 1960: BSc, University of Edinburgh
  • 1965: PhD, University of Liverpool

Academic Appointments

  • 2010–Present: Senior Scientist, Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest
  • 2000–Present: University Professor Emeritus of Psychology, University of Toronto
  • 1968–1969: Visiting Associate Professor, University of Toronto
  • 1971–1975: Associate Professor, Erindale College, University of Toronto
  • 1975–2010: Professor, University of Toronto
  • 1989–2010: Associate Scientist, Rotman Research Institute
  • 1996–2000: Glassman Chair in Neuropsychology, University of Toronto
  • 1997–2000: University Professor, University of Toronto
  • 2000–2010: Scientist, Rotman Research Institute

Research Projects

External

  • 1995–2000: PI of Toronto subcontract
    Supervisor: Craik FIM

    Sponsors: National Institute of Aging, 100,000

    Research Grant
  • 1995–2000: Age-related changes in memory and attention
    Collaborators: Jacoby LL, Craik FIM

    Sponsors: National Institute of Aging (U.S.), 60,000

    Research Grant
    Baycrest subcontract
  • 1997–1999: PI of group to study Rehabilitation of Memory
    Supervisor: Craik FIM

    Sponsors: James S. McDonnell Foundation, 35,000

    Research Grant
  • 1997–1999: Planning grant for memory rehabilitation
    Supervisor: Don Stuss
    Collaborators: Craik FIM

    Sponsors: James S. McDonnell Foundation, 55,000

  • 1997–2000: General research grant
    Supervisor: Craik FIM

    Sponsors: University of Toronto Provost's Fund for University Professors, 5,000

    Research Grant
  • 1998–2003:

    Sponsors: NSERC, 75,000

    Research Grant
  • 1998–2003: Studies of human memory
    Supervisor: Craik FIM

    Sponsors: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, 78,000

    Research Grant
  • 2000: General research grant
    Supervisor: Craik FIM

    Sponsors: Killam Prize in Natural Sciences Canada Council, 75,000

    Research Grant

Contact

The Rotman Research Institute
Baycrest
3560 Bathurst Street, 944
Toronto, Ontario
Canada M6A 2E1 Phone: 416-785-2500 x3526 Email: fcraik@rotman-baycrest.on.ca Fax: 416-785-2862